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Work of Front Hospital Bases in Providing Troops’ Medical Support during Initial Stage of Great Patriotic War



V.S. Novikov
A.M. Shelepov
raen.vsn@mail.ru
androlya@mail.ru
vice-president of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, chairperson of the section of interdisciplinary problems of science and education of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, a recipient of the State Prize in Science and Engineering, Honored Science Worker, member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Doctor of Medicine, professor
professor, the Department of Organization and Tactics of Medical Service, Kirov Military Medical Academy, member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Honored Science Worker, Doctor of Medicine, professor
St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg

Keywords:

  • Great Patriotic War
  • front hospital bases
  • treatment-evacuative support
  • sanitary losses
  • medical institutions
  • casualty
  • motor surgical group
  • infectious military hospital
  • military medical train
  • We analyze the work of front hospital bases during the initial stage of the Great Patriotic War (Smolensk defensive battle and the battle of Moscow). We show that all the burden of medical support of the troops was on the Army medical service and surviving garrison hospitals. During Smolensk battle, the basics of treating minor wounded were developed and partly implemented via establishing a camp-hospital hosting 1000 patients.
    We describe the medical support of the defensive battle of Moscow that enabled the medical service to reveal characteristic features of organizing treatment-evacuative support of large-scale counteroffensive operation.