Верхнее меню

Work of Evacuation Hospitals during the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945 (based on materials of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense)



V.S. Novikov
A.M. Shelepov
raen.vsn@mail.ru
androlya@mail.ru
vice-president of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Chairperson of the section of interdisciplinary problems of science and education of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, a recipient of the State Prize in Science and Engineering, Honored Science Worker, member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Doctor of Medicine, professor
member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Honored Science Worker, Doctor of Medicine, professor
St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg

Keywords:

  • the Great Patriotic War
  • evacuation hospitals of the Health Care Commissariat
  • State Defense Committee
  • General Staff of the Red Army
  • the Main Military Sanitary Department
  • the wounded and sick
  • distribution and local evacuation point
  • hospitals of restorative surgery
  • sanitary losses
  • hospital base
  • We summarize the unique, earlier inaccessible archive material concerning the state and work of medical institutions belonging to the Defense Commissariat and the Health Care Commissariat of the hospital base of the USSR during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. We present the analysis of the work of evacuation hospitals during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 based on the materials of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense and its branches. We give a characteristic of the wounded and patients sent to evacuation hospitals and describe average treatment duration (in days). We show the difficulties that evacuation hospitals faced during their formation at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. We describe the principles of complete mobilization in accordance with the directions of the General Staff of the Red Army and the mobilization plan MP-41 as well as the proportion of surgery and therapeutic beds at evacuation hospitals of internal military regions. We substantiate the role of evacuation hospitals in the treatment of wounded and sick soldiers to help them join their regiments.